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6.03 Standard Three: Planning And Organization. The principal is knowledgeable about the elements of planning; plan implementation; and organizational, change, and time management.
Large scale organizations, such as schools, must plan to plan. It’s a curious play on words, but extremely important in any systemic change. There are numerous ways to approach planning to plan. A ‘goal-mapping’ approach could be taken where a group determines what needs to happen with a certain goal in mind. Another approach is a needs assessment. This helps decision making groups clarify what users (e.g. teachers, students, etc.) need in order to execute a plan. This could include material needs, training, or other supports.
The mark of a good leader is often apparent in how they lead staff, students, and community through planning. The elements of planning can change somewhat depending on the nature of the change. As a former systems analyst and a fan of Edwards Deming, I gravitate towards an SDLC (Systems Development Life Cycle) approach. Planning generally follows a process.
When schools make changes it usually impacts the building on a systemic scale, and many times leads to unintended consequences. Realistically understanding the change process, the time it takes, and how people experience it is important to the success of the acceptance and implementation of the change (Deming, 1994). One particularly important aspect of organizational change is anticipating and managing staff perception and response to the plan. Oakley and Krug (1991) in their book, Enlightened Leadership, describe a pattern in how people respond to change. Roughly 20% can be counted as early adopters or those people who will be positive about most anything. The other 80% tend to resist change to some degree. They may be more reserved, but will gradually accept the change in a positive manner. Another subgroup will actively resist change. Administrators who can adeptly handle this through strong relationships, good timing in communication, and proactive planning can successfully manage planning and organization.